Male Infertility and ICSI as a Possible Solution
Nothing in this world is as precious as having a child is. It may take some time, effort, and money to raise one, but doing so is definitely worth it. Sadly, problems with having babies exist and one of them is infertility. Both men and women can be infertile. According to statistics, 40% of all the cases of infertility are attributed to men. Some studies claim that 7% of all males suffer from this reproductive disorder.
The primary causes of infertility in men are low sperm count, slow movement of sperm, or low sperm quality. Here is one of the most recent treatment options when it comes to male infertility.
lntra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Fertilization occurs when a sperm unites with an egg to form an embryo. Normally, it happens within a woman’s body. However, now it’s possible for it to take place outside a female's body. ln-Vitro Fertilization (lVF) refers to the formation of an embryo outside the human body. ICSI is a special type of IVF.
In most cases, the specialist places a sperm and egg in the same tube and the sperm finds the egg. lCSl's success rate stands at 75-85% making it popular among doctors and patients. The first ICSI fertilization took place in 1990, but the first birth resulting from ICSI happened in 1992.
The impact of ICSI on the child
The American Society for Reproductive Medicine claims that it is safe to deal with male infertility through ICSI. However, the same body states that this procedure may result in the transmission of genetic abnormalities to the child.
Marilynn Marchione, a reporter for the Associated Press, also wrote a story on this topic in May 2012. She claimed that 10% of the babies born through ICSI suffered from birth defects. In contrast, only 6% of the kids conceived naturally suffer from birth defects. That is a difference of 4%, which is a lot in the medical world. An Australian study also concluded that babies conceived through IVF (including ICSI) have a higher rate of birth defects than those conceived naturally.
One of the abnormalities that can pass from the father to child is low sperm quality. Researchers from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Free University of Brussels) conducted a study on this issue. It involved men between the ages of 18 to 22 years old. The years of birth for these participants fell between 1992 and 1996. During this time, ICSI was gaining in popularity as a treatment method for infertility. These men were the progeny of males who underwent ICSI. Sadly, the researchers discovered that the participants had a sperm concentration level that was 3 times lower than what is normal.